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59 Newton Diehl Baker, Jr

Page history last edited by ebryant 7 years, 4 months ago

December 3, 1871 – December 25, 1937


 



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Personal Data

 

Born     December 3, 1871
Martinsburg, West Virginia, U.S.

Died     December 25, 1937 (aged 66)

Shaker Heights, Ohio, U.S.


Political party     Democratic

Parents:  Newton Diehl Baker I and Mary Dukehart

Spouse:     Elizabeth Leopold Baker


Alma mater:   Johns Hopkins University

Washington and Lee University

Profession     Politician, Lawyer

 

Education

 

Attended village schools in Martinsburg, WV, through the second year of high school and finished his preparatory training at Episcopal High School near Alexandria, VA.
1888-1892--B.A., Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD.
1892-1894--L.L.B.,Washington and Lee University, Lexington, VA.
1895--Admitted to the bar.

 

Employment

 

1895-1896

Practiced law in Martinsburg, WV

1896-1897

Private secretary to Postmaster General William L. Wilson, Washington, D.C.

1897-1899

Member of law firm of Flick, Westenhaver, and Baker, Martinsburg, WV

1899-1901

Practiced in the law firm of Foran, McTighe & Baker, Cleveland, OH

1901

Legal advisor to the Cleveland city Board of Equalization, Cleveland, OH

1901-1902

Assistant Director of Law, City of Cleveland, Cleveland, OH

1903

Law Director, City of Cleveland (title changed to City Solicitor and became elected rather than appointed)

1903-1912

City Solicitor, Cleveland, OH

1912-1916

Mayor of Cleveland, OH

1916-1921

U.S. Secretary of War, Washington, D.C.

1921-1937

Private law practice in the firm of Baker, Hostetter, Sidlo & Patterson, Cleveland, OH

 

Awards and Honors

 

Outstanding lawyer of the year by Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, 1920

American Hebrew, 1930

Medal from the National Institute of Social Sciences  for his service to humanity, 1933

 

Membership-Professional Organizations

 

Adult Education Association of the USA, Cleveland President, 1928-1929

American Association for Adult Education, President, 1930-1931

American Judicature Society, President, 1930-1937

Board of Trustees of Cleveland College, President

Board of Trustees of John Hopkins University

Board of Trustees of Washington and Lee University

Board of Trustees of Western Reserve University, President, 1916

Carnegie Corporation of New York, Trustee

Cleveland Chamber of Commerce, President, 1922-1923

National Advisory Council on Radio in Education

National Commission on Law Enforcement and Observance, member, 1929

National Conference of Jews and Christians, Protestant co-chairman, 1928-1937

Permanent Court of Arbitration at the Hague, member appointed in 1928 by President Coolidge and reappointed by President Roosevelt, 1935

Woodrow Wilson Foundation, President, 1928-1931

Phi Gamma Delta Fraternity

 

Publications

 

1918

Frontiers of freedom

1923

Progress and the constitution

1929

As a bystander sees it:  Some aspects of adult education

 

1935

War in the modern world

1936

Why we went to war

Lifetime

Newton Diehl Baker did not publish any books; however, all of the above are speeches that were printed into articles

 

Professional Interest Areas

 

Value of education for purposes of social change

vision of creating an institution for ex-soldiers and working adults to continue or further their education

Army (soldier) education

International relationships

Political Science

 

Major Contributions to Adult Education

 

Founding members in the American Association of Adult Education (AAAE)

Instrumental in founding Cleveland College

Committed to providing education to soldiers returning to civilian life

A strong advocate for adult education

 

Additional Resources

Articles

 

Photo Gallery

 

  

 

 

The official portrait of Baker by Edmund Hodgson Smart, 1921

 

Video/Audio

 

Presentations

 

Books

 

Interesting Facts

 

Newton Diehl Baker was rejected for military service in the Spanish-American War because of poor eyesight.

 

Major quote:  “Education is fueled by the enthusiasm of the adult mind in search of intellectual growth, and this process continues through life.”
                                                                   

 

 


References

 

Beaver, Daniel R. (1966). Newton D. Baker and the American war effort: 1917-1919. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press.

Cramer, C. H. (1961). Newton D. Baker: A biography. New York, NY: World Publishing.

Hiemstra, R. (2002). Newton Diehl Baker Personal Vita.  Retrieved July 2, 2008 from http://www-distance.syr.edu/ndb.html

National Cyclopedia of American Biography. (1930). New York, NY:  James White.

NNDB. (n.d.). Newton D. Baker. Retrieved July 2, 2008 from http://www.nndb.com/people/535/000113196/

Rohfeld, R. W. (1986). Newton D. Baker and the adult education movement.  Ohio History, 95, 119-132.

Sobel, R. (1977). Biographical directory of the United States executive branch: 1774-1977.  Westport. CT: Greenwood Press.

 

 

 

 

 

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