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90 Booker Taliaferro Washington

Page history last edited by Waynne James 9 years, 10 months ago

April 5, 1856  - November 14, 1915





Personal Data


Born:  April 5, 1856, Hale's Ford in Franklin County, VA, a slave on a tobacco farm

Died:  November 14, 1915 Tuskegee, AL

Buried: Tuskegee University Campus

Married: Fanny Norton Smith Washington August 12, 1882 

                Olivia Davidson Washington August 11, 1886 

                Margaret Murray Washington

Children: Portia M. Washington, Booker T. Washington Jr., and Ernest Davidson Washington






1875     Hampton Agricultural Institute, Hampton, VA

1879     Wayland Seminary, Washington, DC (for 6 months)





1876-1878                    Teacher, Malden, WV

1879-1880                    Night teacher and supervisor of the Kiowa

1881                             Teacher for African Americans at Tuskegee, AL



Awards and Honors


Honorary degrees from Harvard University in 1896

Honorary degrees from Dartmouth College in 1901 

The Wright Award is presented in his honor.




Membership-Professional Organizations






1890                            Daily Resolves. Ernest Nister.

1895                            The Atlanta Compromise. In Cotton States and International Exposition, September (pp. 1856-1901).

1900                            Sowing and Reaping. LC Page & Company.Washington, B. T.

1900                            The future of the American Negro. Small, Maynard.

1907                            The Negro in business. Hertel, Jenkins.

1911                            My larger education: Being chapters from my experience. Doubleday, Page.

1986                            Up from slavery. Penguin. (reprint)

2007                            The story of my life and work. Cosimo. (reprint)

2011                            The story of the Negro. University of Pennsylvania Press. (reprint)

2012                            Character building. Transaction Publishers. (reprint)


Professional Interest Areas


Discrimination toward African Americans


Major Contributions to Adult Education


Help build up the Tuskegee Institute, which is Tuskegee University now.

Promoted Higher Vocational education for minorities

Author, educator, orator, and philanthropist.  



Additional Resources



Brundage, W. F. (Ed.). (2003). Booker T. Washington and black progress: Up from slavery 100 Years later. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida.


Photo Gallery


Video/Audio PODCOAST





Carroll, R. (2013). Uncle Tom or New Negro?: African Americans Reflect on Booker T. Washington and UP FROM SLAVERY 100 Years Later. Random House LLC.


Harlan, L. R. (1972). Booker T. Washington: The making of a Black leader, 1856-1901 (Vol. 1). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.


Harlan, L. R. (1983). Booker T. Washington (pp. 205-06). New York, NY:


West, M. R. (2006). The education of Booker T. Washington: American democracy and the idea of race relations. New York, NY: Columbia University Press.




Interesting Facts


Born a slave, his father was a white plantation owner he never met. 

He was the first African-American to receive an honorary degree from Harvard. 

First African American to have dinner in the White House in 1901.  

His first and second wives died within four years after marrying Washington. 






Booker Taliaferro Washington. (2014). The Biography.com website. Retrieved from http://www.biography.com/people/booker-t-washington-9524663


Booker T. Washington [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_Hsd55AK53U


Wells, J. Booker T. Washington (1856–1915). (2013, December 23). In Encyclopedia Virginia. Retrieved from http://www.EncyclopediaVirginia.org/Washington_Booker_T_1856-1915.

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